For the general folk, farming is the technique of growing crops and yields it when it’s fully grown. The simple process is to plough the field, seed the land, irrigate it and wait for the crop to get ready. And all this process follows the same technique.
True! No, farming is not about a single system or the same technique. In reality, synergistic farming is the usage of the best practices from different farming techniques.
In reality, farming systems are about sustainability, conservations, and biotechnology that heavily depend on a melding of various techniques. Farmers have complete freedom to choose different practices to maximize the synergies and get best of organic yield, but most of them hold themselves to different rules and limiting tools.
Before moving to the advanced tools and techniques, let’s first try to understand about farming systems.
By having a look at the chart, you will get an idea about the main concept behind farming systems. There are basically three farming concepts and three systems. The similarity between all three is that these can use precision agriculture, which is the latest technology farmers use to reduce input. All the three systems are based on modern plant breeding and machines to get better traits in the plants. The thing you need to keep in the mind when using these systems that you cannot use “GMO” or ‘genetic engineering’ in organic farming. For conventional and organic plant breeding, you need to use the traditional crossing, radiation or chemical mutagenesis. However, use of techniques that help in getting improved soil health like 3 pt implements doesn’t have any problem.
When reading about it or listening to the media talking about farming systems, you will see find them suggesting that one system is just for soil health while other is for precision agriculture. But the right technique is to use the synergies that help you achieve maximum sustainability.
Thought improved technology helps people improve the quality of their work; in the agriculture industry, these have blurred the lines further. The farmers try to experiment with the every available technique to get the best harvest, but end up making a mess of everything. For instance, if rotavator manufacturers in India suggest 3 different types of disc harrows, they would want to try all of them to see which tool helps them the most. And this is where the commit a blunder. The right idea is to do what is best for your fields in terms of soil health, soil profile, and crop quality. Even when choosing the fertilizers and pest control, you should keep your crop’s health in the mind, no matter you go for natural or synthetic.
In short, you should pay attention to the synergies that work well in your environment, type of crop you pick and the soils of your field. There is no one system that can be called ‘best’ for the farming industry. Further, there is no one way of doing things to get the best results. What the farmers can do is to have a look at all the options, understand them well and make a selection of systems and techniques that help them get optimum benefits in terms of productivity, time saving, quality of crop and soil’s health.