The Types And Characteristics Of Stones In Surrey

stone step

There are numerous stone types available in the industry. These types are regularly used in the stone industry. The stone can be characterized by two particular types i.e.

  • Artificial Stones
  • Natural Stones

Both stone types contain various stone types, so it is always better to choose the right stone that is suitable for your needs. You must know the application of each stone. It is essential because you should choose the right type of stone for your indoor as well as outdoors. The famous Portland Stone Steps in Surrey are well known to every individual.

stone step

Natural stone has three types, i.e.,

  • Igneous Rock
  • Metamorphic Rock
  • Sedimentary Rock

Igneous Rock

It is developed by the magma cooling or lava and may be or not involve the crystallization characteristics. The natural igneous stone types contain Granite. It is the hardest stone around the world and requires some special stonemason methods to work with.  Furthermore, it is used by masons for its durability as well as strength in:

  • Countertops
  • Kerbstones
  • Flooring

The other igneous rock types contain Scoria and softer Pumice to a harder Basalt as well as Obsidian stone that is used in the masonry of stone for building blocks and ground works.

Metamorphic rock

It is the rock type that has undergone a transformation from a modern rock type that involves extreme temperatures as well as pressures over a long time of periods, resulting in and physical ‘metamorphism’ and profound chemical. This rock type has two types such as furthermore

  • Marble
  • Slate


The marble is a most popular and common type of metamorphic rock that has been used for statues, and for the facing Renaissance stonework in tradition. Marble can be differentiated by its petrographic type, other factors, and colours. Some most common types of marble are known as blue-gray or white in Surrey. It is also used by stone masons for its decorative features in tiling, flooring, tiling and also in fireplaces.


Slate’s granularity and hardness provide a sharpness that is common for inscriptions and memorial. It is a layered form that enables masons to split it into some thin plates and is used for the roofing material.

Sedimentary Sedimentary

This type of rock is formed in the water from the sedimentation of the other rock’s organic and calcium deposits particles. Here a long application and process of pressure, as well as heat, is used to form strata layers into a bedding structure. Moreover, within bedding, you may also find ores and fossil fuels.

Furthermore, this rock is a limestone, and the frequently used examples of limestone comprise Yorkstone, Sydney, and Bath as well as Portland stone that most of the City of Bath is made up from.

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